What is an autopsy?
An autopsy is a medical examination of a body after death. Autopsies are done to determine cause of death or to verify diagnosis.
Why is an autopsy performed?
Autopsies are performed for several reasons, including the following:
When a suspicious death occurs
When there's some public health concern, such as a mysterious disease
If someone dies unattended by a physician, or if the attending physician is uncomfortable signing the death certificate
The family of the deceased person can ask the hospital to perform an autopsy
Who performs the autopsy?
Autopsies ordered by the state can be performed by a county coroner, who is not necessarily a physician. A medical examiner who performs an autopsy is a physician, usually a pathologist.
How is an autopsy performed?
Autopsy procedure begins with the general and ends with the specific:
First, a visual examination of the entire body is done, including the organs and internal structures.
Then, microscopic, chemical, and microbiological examinations may be made of the organs and tissues.
All organs removed for examination are weighed, and a section is preserved for processing into microscopic slides.
A final report is made after all laboratory results are complete.